cooking classes

how eggs are cooked

Table Of Contents

Struggling to perfect your egg-cooking game? You’re not alone; many home cooks seek to master the art of preparing eggs. This post will guide you through popular methods of cooking eggs, offering step-by-step instructions for each style from soft-boiled to sous vide.

Ready to crack into it and become an eggspert?.

Key Takeaways

  • There are various methods to cook eggs, including boiling (soft, medium, and hard-boiled), frying (over easy, medium, and hard), making omelettes, poaching, cooking sunny side up eggs, scrambling, baking, and using sous vide.
  • Each cooking method requires specific techniques and attention to detail to achieve the desired texture and runniness of the yolk.
  • Different seasonings and fillings can be added to enhance the flavors of cooked eggs.

The Art of Cooking Eggs

Unlocking the art of cooking eggs begins by understanding what works best for each method. From a soft-boiled egg with its luscious, runny yolk that’s perfect on toast at breakfast; to the hard-boiled variation, ideal for salads or as a high-protein snack – it’s all about precise timing and temperature control.

And let’s not forget about omelettes! They’re incredibly customizable dishes that you can fill with ingredients like caramelized onions or even avocado – offering an egg-based meal full of flavors.

Our journey into mastering egg cookery also takes us through over-easy, medium, and hard methods that create unique textures depending on your preference. A well-cooked over easy egg has a delicate runny yolk surrounded by set whites while an over-hard egg provides a firm yolk texture without any sign of runniness.

Each approach requires melting butter in a nonstick fry pan then carefully cracking in an egg – ensuring attention to detail is at its peak during this culinary process.

Equipped with these basics in your culinary repertoire will mean home cooks everywhere can conquer any form of “egg cookery” they desire. It just goes beyond the simple crack, drop and fry – it’s science mixed with skill and passion!

Different Ways to Cook Eggs

There are numerous ways to cook eggs, including soft, medium, and hard-boiled; over easy, medium, and hard; omelettes; poached; sunny side up; scrambled; baked; sous vide.

Soft, Medium, and Hard-Boiled Eggs

Cooking eggs can seem like a simple task, but perfecting the soft, medium, and hard boiled versions requires precision in timing and temperature control.

  1. Begin your egg journey with a soft – boiled egg. These are an excellent breakfast dish due to their runny yolk enveloped in a perfectly cooked white layer. To achieve this texture, boil the eggs for about four to five minutes.
  2. If you prefer a slightly firmer center but still want some ooze, turn to medium – boiled eggs. The secret is cooking them for seven minutes, resulting in a jammy center with delectable creaminess.
  3. Conclude your egg series with the well-loved hard-boiled version. As a high-protein snack or as part of an egg salad or noodle bowl, they add real substance to your meal. For fully set yolks and whites, ten to twelve minutes of boiling time will do the trick.

Over Easy, Medium, Hard

Let’s dive into the world of over-easy, medium, and hard eggs. These are popular styles of fried eggs which can be mastered with a bit of practice.

  1. First, gather your ingredients – you’ll need fresh eggs, butter, a non-stick frying pan, and seasoning to taste.
  2. Start by melting some butter in the pan over medium heat.
  3. Once it’s bubbling gently, carefully crack an egg into the pan.
  4. Leave the egg undisturbed until the whites are just fully set – this is crucial for getting that perfect texture.
  5. For over – easy eggs with a runny yolk, flip the egg just once and cook for only another twenty seconds or so before serving hot off the frying pan.
  6. If you prefer your yolk slightly thicker but still oozy, opt for an over – medium style by letting it cook for around one minute after flipping.
  7. And if you want your yolk completely cooked through without any runniness at all, you’ll go for an over-hard egg – just allow it to cook on its flipped side for about two minutes or so until it achieves a firm consistency.
  8. Seasoning comes last – once your desired cooking level is achieved sprinkle some salt and pepper on top to add extra flavor.


An omelette is a versatile and delicious way to cook eggs. Whisk the eggs with salt and pepper in a bowl. Melt butter in a nonstick fry pan over medium heat. Pour the beaten eggs into the pan and let them cook briefly until the edges start to set. Add your favorite fillings, such as caramelized onions, mushrooms, or avocado. Fold the omelette in half and continue cooking until it’s just set. Serve hot or cold for a satisfying meal any time of day.

  • Mayo Clinic Health System: “Eggs: Are they good or bad for my cholesterol?”
  • Breakfast with Nick: “Egg It Up!”
  • The Science Behind Cooking Eggs


Poached eggs are a delicious and versatile way to cook eggs. Whether you’re a fan of eggs Benedict or love adding poached eggs to salads, here’s everything you need to know about making perfect poached eggs:

  1. Start with fresh eggs: Fresh eggs will have firmer whites, which makes them easier to poach.
  2. Use vinegar in the water: Adding a splash of white vinegar to the simmering water helps the egg whites coagulate faster and prevents them from spreading too much.
  3. Crack the egg into a small dish: To ensure a smooth transfer into the water, crack each egg into a small dish before gently sliding it into the pan.
  4. Create a swirling motion: Before adding the egg, use a spoon or whisk to create a gentle whirlpool in the water. This motion will help the egg whites wrap around the yolk for that classic poached egg shape.
  5. Slide the egg into the center of the whirlpool: Carefully slide each cracked egg into the center of the swirling water. The centrifugal force will help keep the whites together.
  6. Cook for about 3-4 minutes: Let your poached eggs cook undisturbed for about 3-4 minutes, depending on how runny or firm you prefer your yolks.
  7. Remove with a slotted spoon: Once cooked to your desired doneness, use a slotted spoon to carefully lift each poached egg out of the water, allowing any excess liquid to drip off.
  8. Trim off any ragged edges (optional): If your poached eggs have any wispy edges, you can trim them off with kitchen scissors for a neater presentation.
  9. Serve immediately: Poached eggs are best served immediately while still warm and gooey inside. Enjoy them on toast, salads, or as part of other delicious dishes like eggs Benedict!

Sunny Side Up

Sunny side up eggs are a classic breakfast option that is super easy to make. Here’s how you can cook sunny side up eggs to perfection:

  1. Start by heating a non-stick pan over medium-low heat.
  2. Add a small amount of butter or cooking oil to the pan and let it melt.
  3. Crack the eggs into the pan, being careful not to break the yolks.
  4. Cook the eggs on one side until the whites are set but the yolks are still runny. This should take about 2-3 minutes.
  5. If you prefer your yolks to be less runny, you can cover the pan with a lid for an additional minute or two.
  6. Once the eggs are cooked to your liking, carefully slide a spatula under each egg and transfer them to a plate.
  7. Season with salt and pepper, and enjoy!


Scrambled eggs are a classic and versatile way to enjoy this breakfast staple. They are quick and easy to make, and with a little practice, you can create fluffy and delicious scrambled eggs every time. Here are the steps to cook the perfect scrambled eggs:

  1. Crack 2 – 3 eggs into a bowl and whisk them until the yolks and whites are well combined.
  2. Heat a non – stick frying pan over medium heat and add a small pat of butter or a drizzle of oil.
  3. Once the butter has melted or the oil is hot, pour in the beaten eggs.
  4. Using a spatula, gently stir the eggs in a circular motion, pushing them from the edges towards the center of the pan.
  5. Continue stirring until the eggs start to set but are still slightly runny.
  6. Take the pan off the heat while there is still some liquid egg left as residual heat will continue to cook them.
  7. Season with salt and pepper or any other herbs or spices you like.
  8. Give one final gentle stir to incorporate any seasonings evenly throughout the scrambled eggs.
  9. Plate up your fluffy scrambled eggs and serve immediately.


Baked eggs are a delicious and easy way to enjoy this versatile ingredient. Here are some reasons why you should give baked eggs a try:

  1. Quick and Convenient: Baked eggs can be prepared in just a few minutes, making them perfect for busy mornings or when you’re short on time.
  2. Versatile: You can customize your baked eggs with a variety of ingredients like tomato sauce, cheese, herbs, or even blanched spinach. The possibilities are endless!
  3. Healthy Option: Eggs are packed with essential nutrients like protein, vitamin D, and choline. Baking them preserves these nutrients without adding extra fat or calories.
  4. Make-Ahead Meal: Baked eggs can be prepared ahead of time and stored in the refrigerator for an easy grab-and-go breakfast option during the week.
  5. No-Fuss Cleanup: Since baked eggs are cooked in individual ramekins or muffin tins, cleanup is a breeze! Just wash the dishes used and you’re done.

Sous Vide

Sous vide is a popular cooking method that can produce perfectly cooked eggs every time. Here’s a closer look at how to cook eggs using sous vide:

  1. Prepare the water bath: Fill a large pot or container with water and attach an immersion circulator to heat and maintain the water temperature.
  2. Set the temperature: Depending on your desired doneness, set the water temperature to around 62 degrees Celsius (144 degrees Fahrenheit) for soft-cooked eggs or 75 degrees Celsius (167 degrees Fahrenheit) for hard-cooked eggs.
  3. Seal the eggs: Place the eggs in a vacuum-sealed bag or use a resealable plastic bag with all the air squeezed out to prevent floating.
  4. Cook time: Gently lower the bagged eggs into the preheated water bath and cook them for about 45 minutes for soft-cooked eggs or up to 1 hour and 30 minutes for hard-cooked eggs.
  5. Finish with an ice bath: Once cooked, remove the eggs from the water bath and immediately place them in an ice bath to stop the cooking process and cool them down quickly.
  6. Peel and serve: Carefully peel off the eggshells, taking care not to damage the delicate sous vide eggs underneath. Serve them as desired, whether on their own, in salads, or as part of other dishes.
  7. Enjoy perfectly cooked eggs: Sous vide cooking ensures that your eggs are consistently cooked to your preferred level of doneness, with both the whites and yolks achieving a silky texture.


Pickled eggs are a tangy and flavorful treat that you can easily make at home. Here’s how:

  1. Start by hard-boiling your eggs. You can do this by placing them in a saucepan filled with cold water and bringing it to a boil. Let the eggs cook for about 10-12 minutes.
  2. Once the eggs are cooked, carefully remove them from the boiling water and transfer them to a bowl of ice water. This will help cool them down quickly and prevent overcooking.
  3. Next, prepare the brine mixture for pickling your eggs. In a saucepan, combine equal parts white vinegar and water, along with some sugar, salt, and your choice of spices. Some popular options include fennel seeds, garlic cloves, peppercorns, tarragon, or thyme.
  4. Bring the brine mixture to a simmer over medium heat, stirring until the sugar and salt have dissolved completely.
  5. While the brine is still hot, carefully peel the cooled hard – boiled eggs and place them into sterilized jars or containers.
  6. Pour the hot brine over the eggs in the jars, making sure they are completely covered. If needed, weigh down the eggs with a clean kitchen utensil to ensure they stay submerged in the brine.
  7. Seal the jars tightly and let them cool to room temperature before refrigerating. The longer you let the pickled eggs sit in their brine in the refrigerator (ideally for at least 24 hours), the more enhanced their flavors will be.
  8. After pickling for your desired length of time, you can enjoy these tangy treats as snacks on their own or add them to salads or sandwiches for an extra burst of flavor.


Deviled eggs are a beloved classic when it comes to cooking eggs. These flavorful treats are seasoned with spices, mayo, or mustard, and they make for the perfect appetizer or snack. If you’re looking to elevate your deviled eggs game, here are some ways you can upgrade them:

  1. Add a kick of heat: Spice up your deviled eggs by adding hot sauce or chili powder to the filling. This will give them an extra zing that will leave your taste buds dancing.
  2. Get creative with toppings: Take your deviled eggs to the next level by garnishing them with toppings like bacon bits, sliced jalapenos, or even a sprinkle of paprika. These additional ingredients will add texture and flavor.
  3. Go gourmet with seafood: For a fancy twist on traditional deviled eggs, try adding seafood like crabmeat or smoked salmon to the filling. This will give your dish an elegant touch and take it from ordinary to extraordinary.
  4. Experiment with different seasonings: Don’t be afraid to get adventurous with your deviled egg flavors. Try mixing in different herbs and spices like dill, chives, curry powder, or even truffle oil. The possibilities are endless!
  5. Serve them warm or chilled: While deviled eggs are typically served cold, you can also enjoy them warm by baking them until set in the oven. This will give them a slightly different texture and taste that’s equally delicious.
  6. Play around with presentation: Get creative when it comes to serving your deviled eggs. You can pipe the filling into the egg whites using a pastry bag for an elegant look, or use cookie cutters to create fun shapes out of the egg whites before filling them.


Frittatas are a delicious and versatile type of egg dish that can be enjoyed for breakfast, brunch, or any time of the day. They are easy to make and a great way to use up leftover ingredients. Here are some key points to know about frittatas:

  1. Frittatas can be made with a variety of ingredients such as vegetables, cheese, meats, and herbs. You can get creative and use whatever you have on hand.
  2. Frittatas are similar to omelettes but instead of folding the eggs over the filling, everything is mixed together in the pan.
  3. To make a frittata, start by sautéing your chosen ingredients in an oven-safe skillet. This could include bell peppers, onions, spinach, mushrooms, or even leftover roasted vegetables.
  4. Beat your eggs together with salt and pepper in a separate bowl. The general ratio is about 6 – 8 eggs for a large frittata.
  5. Pour the beaten eggs into the skillet with the sautéed ingredients and give everything a gentle stir to distribute the fillings evenly.
  6. Cook on low heat until the edges start to set and then transfer the skillet to a preheated oven (around 375°F/190°C). The frittata will finish cooking through in the oven.
  7. Cook for about 15 – 20 minutes or until the center is set and no longer jiggles when you gently shake the pan.
  8. Once cooked, take it out of the oven and let it cool slightly before slicing it into wedges or squares.
  9. Frittatas can be served warm or at room temperature and are perfect for brunch gatherings or meal prep.
  10. Leftover frittata makes a delicious cold snack or sandwich filling for lunchboxes too!

Special Egg Dishes

Eggs Benedict is a classic special egg dish that consists of poached eggs served on top of English muffins with Canadian bacon and hollandaise sauce.

Eggs Benedict

Eggs Benedict is the ultimate brunch delight that will have your taste buds singing. Picture this: a perfectly toasted English muffin topped with savory ham or other delectable ingredients, a velvety poached egg, and a luscious blanket of hollandaise sauce.

It’s pure breakfast bliss! This classic dish also offers plenty of room for creativity. Swap the ham for smoked salmon, crab meat, or even braised pork to give it an exciting twist. Whether you’re hosting a weekend brunch or simply treating yourself to a special morning meal, Eggs Benedict is the go-to option that never disappoints.


Quiche is a delightful breakfast pie that can be enjoyed any time of the day. Made with scrambled eggs and a pre-made pie crust, quiche offers endless possibilities for customization. You can fill it with caramelized onions, mushrooms, avocado, or any other ingredients you love.

Simply bake it in the oven until the egg filling sets and the crust turns golden brown. Whether served hot or cold, this versatile dish is perfect for brunch, a light lunch, or even dinner. Plus, you can make it ahead of time and reheat it whenever you need a quick and delicious meal option.

With its rich flavors and creamy texture, quiche has become a favorite not only in French cuisine but also around the world. Don’t miss out on trying this crowd-pleasing dish!

The Science Behind Cooking Eggs

Cooking eggs may seem like a simple task, but there is actually some science behind it that can help you achieve the perfect result. When eggs are heated, the proteins in the egg whites and yolks undergo structural changes.

One important factor to consider is temperature. The proteins in eggs coagulate at different temperatures, which affects their texture. For example, when you cook an egg at high heat, the proteins tighten quickly and become firm, resulting in scrambled eggs with a more solid texture.

On the other hand, if you cook eggs over low heat or poach them gently in water just below simmering point, the proteins set more slowly and remain tender.

Another crucial aspect of cooking eggs is timing. Overcooking can lead to rubbery textures and sulfurous odors due to overcooked sulfur compounds. It’s essential to remove your cooked eggs from heat at precisely the right time for optimal results.

Different cooking methods also contribute to variations in taste and texture. For instance, frying an egg creates crispy edges while keeping the yolk runny or fully set depending on your preference.

Poaching eggs helps retain their delicate nature by avoiding direct contact with hot surfaces while creating that signature silky smoothness.

By understanding these scientific principles behind cooking eggs, you can better control variables like temperature and timing to achieve your desired outcome – whether it’s perfectly soft-boiled or hard-scrambled with fluffy curds of protein-rich goodness!

Tips for Cooking the Perfect Egg

  • Use fresh eggs for the best flavor and texture.
  • Start with room temperature eggs to ensure even cooking.
  • Gently place the eggs into boiling water for perfectly cooked hard – boiled eggs.
  • For soft – boiled eggs, reduce the cooking time by a few minutes.
  • When making scrambled eggs, whisk them well and season with salt and pepper before cooking.
  • Cook scrambled eggs on low heat and continually stir to achieve a creamy texture.
  • To create fluffy omelettes, beat the eggs vigorously and cook over medium heat.
  • For poached eggs, add a splash of vinegar to the simmering water to help coagulate the whites quicker.
  • Turn off the heat and cover the pan when poaching to ensure a runny yolk while fully cooked whites.
  • Avoid overcrowding the pan when frying or sautéing eggs to allow for even cooking.
  • Experiment with different toppings and fillings for added flavor in your egg dishes.


In conclusion, eggs are incredibly versatile and can be cooked in a multitude of ways to suit every taste. Whether you prefer the simplicity of boiled eggs, the indulgence of an omelette, or the elegance of poached eggs, there is a method that will satisfy your cravings.

Experiment with different cooking techniques and explore new recipes to elevate your breakfast game and enjoy the incredible flavors that eggs have to offer. So go ahead, get cracking, and start exploring the wonderful world of egg cookery!


1. What are the different ways to cook eggs?

There are various ways to cook eggs, including boiling, frying, scrambling, poaching, and baking.

2. How long does it take to boil an egg?

The cooking time for boiled eggs can vary depending on how you prefer them. For a soft-boiled egg with runny yolk, it typically takes about 4-5 minutes. For a medium-boiled egg with slightly firm yolk, it usually takes around 6-7 minutes. And for a hard-boiled egg with fully cooked yolk, it generally takes approximately 9-12 minutes.

3. How do you make scrambled eggs fluffy?

To make fluffy scrambled eggs, beat the eggs well in a bowl before cooking and add a small amount of milk or cream to the mixture. Cook them over low heat while gently stirring continuously until they reach your desired consistency.

4. Can you bake eggs?

Yes! Baked eggs are delicious and easy to prepare. You can crack raw eggs into individual ramekins or muffin tins and bake them in the oven until set. You can also bake eggs as part of dishes like frittatas or quiches where they get mixed with other ingredients before being baked together.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


    Get notified by subscribing our newsletter

    Get a taste of the latest flavors! Subscribe to our newsletter for a serving of culinary inspiration, tasty recipes, and sizzling events straight to your inbox.